Make your own free website on Tripod.com


Home ] A - K Village Summaries ] K - Z Village Summaries ] Customs_Events ] Emigrants ] Kreis Map ] Kreis Web Sites ] Pommern Songs ] [ Occupations ] Polish_Words ] Pommern_Christmas ] Old Pommern Recipes ] Queries ] Surname Search ] Pommern Timeline ] Prussian Timeline ] Villages of Greifenberg ]

Kreis Greifenberg- A Kreis of the Duchy of Pommern

 

 
  Army Terminology / Armee Terminologie
   

  Diseases - Causes of Death

   German Form Letter

Occupations  / Beruf

The umlauted vowels of a o u have been subsitituted by adding an "e"


Ackermann - small farmer
Adeliger or Edelmann - nobleman
Amtsbezirk - area of jurisdiction
Amtsgericht - district court
Arbeitsmann - laborer, non-farm worker
Arzt - physician
Aufseher - supervisor
Auslander - foreigner
Auswander - emigrant
Arzt - physician
Bauer - modern term after about 1850 for middle-sized farmer (500 Morgen)
Baumgartner - gardener
Beamter - official
Bede - tax
Bergmann - miner
Bierbrauer  or Biersieder - beer brewer
Boettcher - cooper - a barrel (or cask) maker
Briefbote or Briefträger- mailman
Buchdrucker - printer
Buettel - court official
Buedner - cottager- laborer
Buettner - cooper
Büdner - very small farmer
Buerger - citizen
Buergermeister - mayor
Dachdecker - roof tiler
Diener - servant
Dienerin - maid servant
Deputant - land laborer paid in (Deputat) like grain, potatoes, lodging
Einlieger - a laborer who lived on the farm
Einwohner (pre 1850) -  resident (living in that place)
Emphyteut (pre 1850) - tenant on royal Amt land (West Prussia only)
Erbpaechter - hereditary farmers
Feldmesser - surveyor
Fischer - fisherman
Flaschenmacher - bottle maker
Fleischer - butcher
Foerster - forest ranger
Fuhrmann - coachman, wagoner
Fremder - stranger
Gaertner - gardener
Gaestwirt - innkeeper
Gaukler - vagabond, minstrel, magician
Geistlicher - clergyman
Gemeinde - town, village or community
Gerber - tanner
Gesell - journeyman
Gevaelter  or Gevatterin -  Godfather
Glockner - sexton, bell ringer
Graf - count or earl
Greis - old man
Grenadier - infantryman
Grobsschmied - blacksmith
Gross-Herzog - grand duke
Gutsbesitzer -odern term after about 1850 for large estate farmer
Hakenbuedner - store owner/tenant selling supplies displayed on hooks on walls or ceiling
Halbbauer - a farmer with a smaller amount of land than a Bauer
Hammerschmied - blacksmith
Haendler - trader, merchant
Handwerker - craftsman
Hausmeister - caretaker
Hebamme - midwife
Herzog - duke
Hide - about 40 acres of land
Hirtin - herder
Hoeker - same as Hakenbuedner
Hofmeister - a foreman (kept payrolls, hired seasonal workers, and overseer)
Hufen - about 80 acres of land
Hufenbauern - full owners of a farm
Hufenmeister - a collecter of land rent
Imker - beekeeper
Inwohner - inhabitant
Instfrau - single female worker
Instmann - single worker
Jungfer - old maid
Junggesellen - bachelor Kätner  - a single man day worker
Kanter - singer

Katner - a day worker
Korbplechter - basket maker or basket weaver
Kossaerten Gaertner - small farmers or land cottagers
Krueger - tenant of inn, pub or pharmacy, owned  by king, noble or landlord
Krugpaechter - same as Krueger
Kuhirt - cowherder
Kuhirtin - female cowherder
Kupferschmied - coppersmith
Kuester - sexton
Kutscher - coachman
Landmann - farmer
Landstreicher - tramp
Laufer - messenger
Lehrer - teacher, educator
Lehrling - apprentice
Leiermann - organ grinder
Magd - maid servant
Nachbar - member of group (Nachbarschaft) leasing land from landlord
Magister - schoolmaster
Maier - overseer or painter
Maelzer - beer distiller
Mauerer - mason
Metzger - butcher
Mueüller - miller
Mundel - orphan
Musiker - musician
Musketier -  musketeer, infantry soldier
Nachtwachter - night watchman
Nagelschmied - nailsmith
Ochsenknecht - cow herder
Pachter - lessee, one who leases land
Pfarrer - minister
Pfiefer - piper
Probst - administrator of the law
Puppenmacher - doll maker
Richter - judge
Ritter - knight
Rittergutsbesitzer - owner of a large medieval estate farm.
Sattier - saddle maker
Schaenker or Schankwart - same as KruegerSchoeffen - the court
Schifter - sailor
Schlosser - locksmith
Schneider - taylor
Schreiner - cabinet maker, joiner
Schulz - the mayor
Schuster - shoe maker
Seiler - rope maker
Siedler - settler
Silberschmied - silver smith
Soldat - soldier
Standesamt - registry office
Stellmacher - wheelwright
Steuereinnehmer - tax collector
Taufpate - Godfather
Taufpatin - Godmother
Taufpaten - Godparents
Tagelöhner - land laborer earning daily wage in kind (Deputat), some cash
Topfer - potter
Trabant - foot soldier

Traeger - pallbearer
Traiteur, Trakteur - master cook
Traubenweber - cloth weaver
Trautgesell(e) - trusted journeyman
Trautherr - trusted master
Trautmann - trusted man
Traexl, Traxler - wood turner
Trechsler - wood turner
Trimmer - freight hauler
Trissler - treasurer
Troedler - peddler
Uhrmacher - clock maker
Wagner - wagon maker
Weber - weaver
Wehmutter - midwife
Wirt - innkeeper
Zeidler - bee keeper
Zeigler - brick maker
Zigeuner -   gipsy
Zimmermann - carpenter
Zuckerbaecker - candy maker

Army Terminology / Armee Terminologie

Armeekorps - Army Corps
Beulaubler Grenadier Instmann - Infantryman on furlough
Bezirkskommando - district military office
Dragoon - Cavalry - horsemen soldiers
Dragoner - Calvary man
Ersatzkompanie - replacement company (a  place to go after a leave for illness, etc.)
Eskadron - Squadron
Fußtrupe - Infantry
Grenadier - Grenadier, infantryman
Infanterist - Infantry men
Invalider Dragone - a retired Calvary man
Kavallerist - a Cavalry man, soldiers on horses
Kommando - command post
Landesschuetzen - elderly soldiers, a type of infantry
Landwehr - territorial army
Militaer - military
Musikus - trumpeter
Sanitaets-Kompanie - medical company 
Sekonde-leutnant - Second Leutenant
Soldat - soldier
Unteroffizier - lower officer
Zerstoerer - a type of battleship
Zerstoer Geschwader - a marine squadron

 

Diseases Causes of Death

Abortus / Abtreibung - abortion Haisentzuendung - throat infection
Abszess - abscess Haisschwindsuch - throat congestion
Alter - age, old age Hirnentzueng - brain infection
Altersschwache - weakness of old age Hitziges Fieber, Kopfhtizig - brain fever
Aussatz - leprosy Husten - cough
Ausserer Schaden - external damage Influenze, Grippe - influenza
Auszehrung - consumption, wasting away Innerliche Krankheit - internal disease
Bandwurm - tapeworm Ischias - sciatica (hip joint problems)
Beulenpest - bubonic plague Keuchhusten - whooping cough
Blaetterrose - shingles Kindbettfieber - childbec fever
Blinddarm - appendicitis Kinderpocken - chicken pox
Blutfluss, Blutlauf, Blutgang - henorrhage Knockenfrass   - bone disease 
Braeune - quinsy, angina Knockenkrebs - bone cancer
Brand am Fuss - gangrene on the foot Kolik - dysentery
Brechruhr - scholera Kopfwasser - hydrocehus - fluid on the brain
Bruchschaden - hernia Krampfe - cramps, convuslions
Brustenzuendung, Brustfieber - pleurisy, inflamation of the chest Kratze - scabies
Brustkraempf - cramps, spasms, convulsions Krebs - cancer
Brustwassersucht - dropsy of the chest Kropf - goiter
Cholera - Cholera Langwierige Krankheit - prolonged illness
Durchfall - diarrhea Lungenentzundung - pneumonia
Eiterbeule - abscess Lungenkatarrh, sucht, laehmung - pulmonary pneumonia
Entkraeftung - weakening, debilitation, exhaustion Magenkatarrh - gastritis
Epilepsie - epilepsy Magenschwaeche - stomach disease
Fehlgeburt - miscarriage Masern - measles
Faulfieber - putrid fever Milzverhaertung - anthrax 
Fieber - fever Nervenfieber - nervous fever
Fleckfieber - typhoid fever Nesselwurn - tapeworm
Flechtenkrankheit - dry scab Pedechien - typhotic fever
Flecktyphus - typhoid fever Pest - plague
Fruehgeburt - premature birth Pocken - pox
Gehirnschlag - cerebral apoplexy Raeude - dry scab
Gelbscucht - jaundice Rothein - German measles
Gelenkrheumatismus - arthritis Ruhr - dysentery
Geschwurst - swelling or tumor, goiter Scharlachfieber - scarlet fever
Geschwur im Hals - ulcer in throat Schlaganfall - cerebral apoplexy
Gesichtsrose - shingles Schleimfieber - mucous fever
Gicht - arthritis Schwachsinn - feebleminded
Gliederstoptung - apoplexy Schwamme - fungus
Guertelrose - shingles Schwindsucht - consumption

 Top of Page

 home